This paper analyses firms’ drivers for linking to public research organisations (PRO) (1st goal) and compares perceptions and behaviours of linked vs. unlinked firms (2nd goal). We used an original firm database constructed from a representative survey with information for linked and unlinked firms for year 2005 in Argentina. Drivers were estimated using a Probit model, while differences in perceptions and behaviours between linked and unlinked firms were assessed with propensity score matching techniques. For our 1st goal we found that i) firms’ knowledge bases were not drivers for linking to PRO and ii) networking capabilities matter but there is a substitution effect between interacting with PRO and interacting with other economic agents in the market when firms aim at exchanging information rather than doing joint research. These findings may imply that current linkages are not exploiting properly their knowledge potential; it may be worth designing a division of labour among PRO in their functions in PRO-industry interactions. For our 2nd goal: we found that i) linked firms invest more in innovative activities; ii) they are more prone to patenting; iii) both groups of firms value similarly PRO research outputs available at arm length (i.e. without direct linking). Given the asymmetric development on appropriability tools between PRO and firms and the fact that all firms benefit from PRO research outputs, the higher predisposition of linked firms towards patenting, suggests that special
attention should be placed at analyzing the risks of a private appropriation of publicly created knowledge.
Autores: Valeria Arza y Andrés López.
Versión enviada para ser publicada en Technovation
Cita: Arza, Valeria and López, Andrés, (2011). ‘Firms’ Linkages with Public Research Organisations in Argentina: Drivers, Perceptions and Behaviours’, Technovation, Vol. 31, No. 8, pp. 384-400.